245 – West to Missouri

During the Civil War, anthracite coal was crucial to the Union. Many of the mine workers didn’t serve in the military, as coal was a critical industry to support the war effort.  The owners pressured the workers for increased production.

The Gallaghers and Larges and Kellys labored on.

Miners at work in the Coal Region, ca. 1865 – Harper’s Weekly
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234 – Castlecomer and the Wandesfordes

Lord Deputy Sir Christopher Wandesforde

The Wandesforde family were gentry in Yorkshire, England, where they held an estate called Kirklington Manor.

In 1637, Lord Christopher Wandesforde was granted land in County Kilkenny, Ireland. Successive generations of the Wandesforde family controlled this estate until the 1950s.

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